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Blue Eyes Versus Brown Eyes: A Primer on Eye Color

Eye Color Do blue-eyed gals really have more fun? Are brown-eyed gents really more intelligent? People have been fascinated with eye color for centuries. Eye color, whether green, blue, brown or hazel, is a truly individual phenomena, resulting entirely from genetics. There is much mystery and marvel surrounding the human eye.

Genetics of Eye Color
When it comes down to it your genetics ultimately influences your eye color. While most people consider the basic eye colors to be brown, blue, hazel and green, there are actually many variants. These include:

  • Brown Eyes - The most common eye color in the world. Brown eyes range from light brown or honey to almost black. Light brown (or amber) eyes are common in many ethnicities including among Africans, Asians and Caucasians. Genetically brown appears to be more dominant than other eye colors, hence its prevalence.
  • Black Eyes - People with very dark colored irises appear to have black eyes. This is more common among Native Americans, Africans and Asians.
  • Hazel Eyes - This color combination is a mix of green and brown eyes. Hazel eyes are most common in people of European descent.
  • Blue Eyes - Blue eyes are quite rare and are becoming less common. A few generations ago 30% of those born had blue eyes; now that number has decreased to about one in six. This eye color is often found among people of European descent. It is believed that every person with blue eyes shares one common ancestor. Many consider vibrant blue eyes among the more desirable qualities.
  • Grey Eyes - Grey eyes are a variant of blue eyes, only much lighter. Grey eyes often include a combination of other tints including light blue or greenish. Still others may have a copper or honey colored ring surrounding the pupil of their eyes. This is a relatively uncommon eye color.
  • Green Eyes - Green eyes are among the most rare eye color; only about 2% of people possess green eyes. They are typically found among people with Germanic or Slavic origins. Although green eyes are rare throughout the world, in some countries they are very common. It is said that 80% of people in Iceland have green or blue eyes. Green eyes are much more common in women than in men.
  • Violet Eyes - Violet eyes are much less common than green eyes. Many believe violet eyes result when there is not enough pigment in the eye to color the blood vessels so they shine through causing a violet like color.
  • Red Eyes - This commonly occurs in people who have a condition called albinism and results when the eye lacks any pigment.
Changing Your Eye Color
There are many rumors existing about eye color. Some people say for example that brown eyes are a symbol of intelligence, whereas blue eyes are more a sign of sweetness and sensitivity. Green eyes are often associated with a sensual personality or mischievous spirit.

If you have the chance, at some time or another, you should consider changing your eye color. This is a simple and fun way to enhance your appearance or accessorize your look without spending a fortune on make up or jewelry.

Color contact lenses are now available even for those that don't require vision correction. While you will need a prescription to get color contacts, anyone can use them. Disposable colored contacts are available and are the easiest way to change your eye color.

Color contact lenses are unique because they allow the wearer to change their eye color. You can opt to change your eye color only minimally (say from blue to blue-green) or dramatically (from blue to brown or green).

There are also color contact lenses referred to as "special effects" or "costume" lenses that allow you to change the shape of your eye so you have the appearance of having "star" or "cat like" pupils.

If you do wear prescription lenses you can get color contacts that match your prescription. Most are inexpensive and provide the wearer a fun new way of expressing themselves on any given day. If you haven't tried colored contact lenses you might consider them!

Remember to always discuss issues relating to your eyes with an appropriate eye care professional.

Learn more about eye color on our forums!

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