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Eye Problems

Eye Problems Typical Eye Problems
Because we use our eyes daily much as with any other body part the eyes are subject so some wear and tear. Some eye problems are more common than others however when it relates to routine eye maintenance. Just as you must eat well, exercise and nourish your body so too must you care for your peepers. The best way to achieve this is to learn as much as you can about your eye health and eye care.

Astigmatism
This is a common condition occurring when light entering the eyes is not focused evenly. Typically people with astigmatism have an irregularly shaped cornea that contributes to vision problems including an inability to focus or blurry vision. Some refer to this problem as the "football shaped" cornea problem, meaning a person with astigmatism usually has an football shaped instead of a round shaped cornea, like a basketball (round is normal by the way).

Cataracts
This is a common problem that typically arises with age. A cataract is nothing more than a clouding of the crystalline lens in the eye that can interfere with vision. It typically develops as part of the aging process. Fortunately cataracts are easily removed or treated surgically to help improve vision.

Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes is a general health condition that can also affect eye health. In fact, diabetes is the number one cause of blindness in the United States. Diabetes may result in damage to the area surrounding the eye or retina. When your bodies blood sugar is too high, this may cause blood to leak in the retinal causing small hemorrhages around the eye and loss of blood flow to the retina. This may result in vision loss. Still others may experience blind spots or scarring in the eye. It is a very serious eye condition and any one who has been diagnosed with diabetes needs to have a dilated eye exam every year.

Diplopia
This is a fancy name referring to "double vision" and results when people see things in twos rather than singularly. It may result from a stroke or other neurological problem or may result from cataracts or related eye conditions.

Dry Eyes
People may develop dry eyes for a number of reasons. Dry eye results when the eyes do not produce adequate tears. Normally this may be treated using eye drops. Some people will develop dry eyes resulting from eyelid inflammation or recent surgery, whereas others may develop dry eyes as they age. Whatever the cause, there are different forms of treatment depending on what is causing the dry eye.

Macular Degeneration
This is a disease of the eye that results in central vision loss. It is more common among older individuals hence the full name Aged Related Macular Degeneration and is often hereditary. Macular degeneration is one of the more common causes of partial blindness in older individuals. Risk factors include increasing age, family history, being white, female, obesity, smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Myopia
This condition merely refers to people who are near sighted. This means you can see things more clearly when they are near compared with things at a distance. Typically corrective lenses are used to correct myopia. This is one of the more common vision problems people experience.

Presbyopia
This condition results when people have difficulty seeing things close up. Most people develop this condition as they age, usually starting around 40 and typically require reading glasses to correct the condition.

Nystagmus
This is a condition where the eyes appear to be in constant motion. At times a persons' eyes may appear to be moving from side to side or up and down. While this may sound funny it is an unusual and certainly unpleasant for the person experiencing this condition and can be a result of a serious disease.

Nictalopia
This refers to night blindness that commonly occurs from inadequate vitamin A intake.

Retinal Detachment
This condition results when the retina detaches from the back of the eye, resulting in vision loss. This typically occurs as a result from a blow to the eye or injury to the head, though at times a person may experience this condition for unknown reasons. People who are near sighted are more at higher risk for this condition. Participation in contact sports increases ones risk of this condition as well. Fortunately with prompt treatment retinal detachment can be treated with minimal permanent damage. Symptoms include flashes of lights in your vision, increase in number of floating spots then you normally experience and/or a curtain of veil over your vision. Should you experience any of these symptoms, you should consult with your eye care provider immediately.

Eye Twitching
A annoying condition that some people do suffer from that is caused by stress, anxiety, lack of sleep and other reasons. Read our informative article on eye twitching to learn more about it.

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